• The proportion of adults with doctor-diagnosed diabetes increased between 1994 and 2018, with some year-on-year fluctuation, from 3% to 8% among men and from 2% to 6% among women. In 2018, more men (9%) than women (7%) had total diabetes (doctor-diagnosed diabetes or a glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level of 48mmol/mol or above).
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) prevalence in 2018 was higher among men (30%) than among women (26%). The proportion of adults with untreated hypertension decreased from 2003 to 2018 for both men (20% to 13%) and women (16% to 10%).
  • In 2018, 41% of adults reported no health problems across the five dimensions of the EQ-5D instrument (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain or discomfort, and anxiety or depression). More men (44%) than women (39%) reported no health problems.
  • Problems were most commonly reported for pain or discomfort (44% of men, 48% of women) and for anxiety or depression (30% of men, 35% of women).
  • Health status varied by household income. For example, the proportion of adults who reported problems with pain or discomfort increased from 40% of adults in the highest income quintile to 53% of adults in the lowest income quintile. The equivalent figures for anxiety or depression were 27% and 43%.

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